Le Corbusier (né Charles Édouard Jeanneret) was an architect, urbanist, theorist, writer, and a painter . He was born in Switzerland in 1887 and adopted his professional name Le Corbusier in 1922. He worked primarily in France, where he died in 1965.
As a contemporary of Pablo Picasso and Fernand Leger he had a profound influence on the development of art, architecture, and design (including furniture such as the chair pictured here) during the first half of the twentieth century. He was a close friend and collaborator of Amedee Ozenfant with whom he founded the avant-garde review L'Esprit Nouveau in 1920.
Le Corbusier was not only one of the three most influential architects of this century (together with Frank Lloyd Wright and Mies van der Rohe) but also an extremely gifted artist. Besides the world famous furniture designs, Le Corbusier produced a considerable body of paintings, sculptures, drawings, gouaches, collages, grapics, and even tapistries. This body of work has long been overshadowed by his achievements in architecture, design, and theoretical writing.
However, many of Le Corbusier's concepts of space, light, volume, form, and colour were often first explored in drawings, paintings, or graphics. His interest in human proportions, human involvement, and human interaction within an architectural environment were develped through his lithographs, etchings, and other graphic works. He once stated that "one can not be only a sculptor, only a painter, nor only an architect. The plastic incident fulfills itself in an 'overall form' in the service of poetry." (Le Corbusier, 1962).